Богословље

Брак и целибат у прва четири века

Сава Миловановић
Универзитет у Београду
Православни богословски факултет
Београд
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Богословље 77/2 (2018), 74–90

УДК: 27-725-45

примљено: 5. 9. 2018.
одобрено: 18. 9. 2018.

Цео текст (.PDF)


Сажетак: Питање брачног или целибатног свештенства је кроз историју било једно од камена спотицања између Источне и Западне Цркве. У приложеном раду дискутује се предањска заснованост и богословска утемељеност обе праксе. Долази се до закључка да Црква није никада одредбу о целибату учинила универзалном из мисијских и икономијских разлога. ▶ Кључне речи: целибат, свештенство, брак, ритуална чистоћа, Елвирски сабор.


Marriage and Celibacy in first four Centuries
Sava Milovanović
Faculty of Orthodox theology
University of Belgrade
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Summary: Concerning the problem of the lack of clergy faced by the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe and the United States in the last decades, there have been tendencies among catholic theologians to rethink the purposefulness of the practice of celibate clergy. The interest of the public in the West for the problem of the marriage of priests has encouraged us to more fundamentally address the theological and historico-canonical aspects of the development of the idea of celibacy. The object of this paper is to examine the issue of relationship between marriage and priesthood in East and West during first four centuries, on the basis of canonical provisions and works of the Holy Fathers. Since the ritual purity and its apostolic origin are stated among western theologians as the principle reasons for keeping the current practice of celibate clergy, the aim of this work is to examine its antiquity and its consent/disagreement with the teaching of Christ and the Church Tradition. My proposal is that celibate clergy. My conclusion is that celibacy was not a legal obligation not in the West nor in the East in the first three centuries, and that this idea appeared for the first time in West in the fourth century under the influence of ascetic deviant movements. ▶ Key words: celibacy, clergy, marriage, ritual purity, Council of Elvira.