Битка код Хејстингса 1066. године – крај англосаксонске Енглеске

Ивица Чаировић
Универзитет у Београду
Православни богословски факултет
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УДК: 94(410.1)"1066"

136-147 стр.

Цео текст (.PDF)

Сажетак: Рад представља синтетички приказ дешавања пре и после битке код Хејстингса (1066), последњег догађаја из историје aнглосаксонске Енглеске. Истичу се неколике последице и импликације условљене могућом везом римског папе Александра II са норманским племенима која су у 11. веку била константна опасност по државе Западне Европе. Овај рад представља истраживање историјских наративних извора из поменутог раздобља и може да се сматра уводом у вишеслојну анализу догађаја почетком другог хиљадугодишта на територијама које су биле под непосредном ингеренцијом римских епископа.

Кључне речи: англосаксонска Енглеска, Едвард Исповедник, Нормани, папа, битка код Хејстингса (1066).

Battle of Hastings in 1066 – the end of Anglo-Saxon England

Ivica Čairović
Faculty of Orthodox Theology
University of Belgrade
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Summary: In this article, after a synthetic view of the political situation in England and in the region, it had been described battle of Hastings (1066) with one consequence of: a description of the relationship with the Pope Alexander and Norman invaders of the British Island. Thus conceived research will serve as an introduction to the analysis of the collapse of centuries-old system in the north of Western Europe, which has contributed greatly to the spread and development of Christianity in Anglo-Saxon manner in these areas, and therefore the analysis of the potential impact of the Roman bishop to events in Western Europe immediately after the schism of 1054.
Centuries of theological and historical ties that existed between Rome and England, was evident on the Island, but also in continental Western Europe. After the Battle of Hastings this connection is suddenly gone, and all the consequences of the battle suggest the changing of the traditional approach of the Roman bishop to the northern Europe. This is exactly what can be observed from the possibility of giving the pallium from the Pope, as the guarantor of the Roman patronage in relation to Church, which could be a separate investigation and consideration of a single premise within a larger deduction. In this paper, we analyzed the hypothesis assumed that the pope indirectly participated in military campaigns after the schism with the East, but — quite the opposite — that it was not possible. It is very important for any assessment of relations between Rome and the Normans, but also to establish further the implications of the collapse of Anglo-Saxon England, what is left for some future research. With the help of narrative historical sources on this point has only started discussions on how the battle of Hastings and the final collapse of Anglo-Saxon England, in the period immediately after this battle, influenced the relations of Rome and the British Island; and here we started reference to a broader historical context in which the relationship is investigated Rome with other western territories of the period of pope Alexander (1061–1073).

Key words: Anglo-Saxon England, Edward the Confessor, Norman Invaders, pope, Battle at Hastings (1066).